Inflation. factors of its origin.
The economy is an integral system, within which a set of elements and subjects through the interaction between them build certain relationships, which may be expressed as a mutual exchange of any goods or may be resources, services, functions and many other powers inherent in those or other of its subjects. This system is very versatile and developed, as it includes all the processes, phenomena or actions that can make its subjects, as in the process of their own production, as well as the result of interaction between them. One of the indispensable elements of this system is undoubtedly some definite means of money, acting as a universal means of exchange. Money – the goods, performing the function of measuring the value of other goods (universal equivalent) and / or means of calculations in the exchange (means of exchange); the goods possessing perfect (equal or close to one) liquidity .
The main reason for their appearance, as we know, is an evolutionary process of the whole economic system, which in the process of its development faced one quite significant problem. The essence of this problem is that commodity exchange in many cases is not always the most convenient means for building relations on an exchange of those or other subjects and commodities. A simple example in this case can serve society in the period when people separated from each other by singling out each specific way of their labor, that is, depending on their inherent features, skills, abilities, they began to choose for themselves a certain process of behavioral activity, that is, some were engaged in gathering, hunting, some have already begun to engage in crafts in its embryonic stage.
Thanks to this division, the results of labor of each particular individual differed from one another, which forced them to resort to exchange, as a result of which they could get the goods they needed in exchange for the one that had already become either surplus or easily accessible to them, unlike the one they wanted to get. However, in this case a problem may arise, the essence of which will be simple, the goods offered by one person will not be interesting to the second due to any reasons, and the person wishing to make an exchange will need it. Of course, this situation can be solved by exchanging your product first for some other product, and then exchanging it again for the one that is already necessary for us. But in this case we face a number of the most obvious problems. First, the time spent on finding the right one and a few exchanges in a row is quite long, in addition, the person with the desired goods to us may not be in easy reach, thus we begin to lose even more time. In this case there may be a situation in which a particular product is something extremely important and necessary at a given period of time, and even a slight delay may lead to any severe consequences or difficulties. In order to facilitate the process of exchange and to make it more universal, people began to resort to some unified objects, at least in appearance, which became the measure of the value of this or that thing. Such items could be skins of various animals, shells and many other things. The consequence of the given development was the appearance of the very first money which at that period of time were made of precious metals, the quantity and the content of which in certain currency became the measure of its value, and besides this helped to supply money which could not become cheaper or more expensive, as the precious metal of which they consisted all the same remained valuable. The emission of money was more often made by state authorities who stamped the money with different images, seals and many other things so that it would be easier to recognize if the currency was fake or not.